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How to Recharge Alkaline Batteries


Editor’s Note: This is an updated and revised edition for 2018

About a month ago, I learned that it was possible not only to test old alkaline batteries to see if they are still are usable but also that, with the right type of charger, you can bring dead batteries back to life and that you can actually recharge alkaline batteries.  To be quite honest, I was blown away.

Being a dutiful citizen of the world, when a flashlight, computer mouse or portable electronic gizmo such as a remote control stopped working, I dumped the old batteries into my recycle box and installed some new ones.  Of course not being wasteful, I favored the use of rechargeable batteries and was quite proud of my collection of various sized Eneloop batteries which hold their charge for up to three years, even while sitting on the shelf.

First, a quick note on the “tools used” for this project:

Recharged Alkaline Batteries - Backdoor Survival

A LADY ON A MISSION

Do you every get a bug in your bum and decide that nothing will stop you from the mission or task at hand?  Well, that was me.  I wanted to prove to myself that old alkaline batteries were still usable and further, as Dennis Evers (Preparedness is Fundamental) says, you can have free batteries for life.

The first thing I needed to do was to gather up the gear:

Old “dead” alkaline batteries
Battery tester simple enough to use without a Ph.D. in electronics
Battery charger designed specifically for alkaline batteries
Test gear such as flashlights, remote controls, wireless headphones and more

Simple enough although I did have to purchase the tester and the charge.  But more on that later.

SORT THROUGH THE BATTERIES AND CULL THE DUDS

For years I have been saving all of my old batteries in a box in the garage, thinking that one of these days I would find someplace to recycle them.  Where I live that is easier said than done so the box was pretty darn full which was great because that meant I had a lot of raw material to work with.

Batteries to Recycle

My Box of “Dead” Batteries

While waiting for my battery tester and alkaline charger to arrive, I sorted through the box, weeding out any leakers as well as odd ball batteries such as cell phone and hearing aid batteries.  According to Wikipedia, the reason a battery leaks is this:

As batteries discharge — either through usage or gradual self-discharge — the chemistry of the cells changes and some hydrogen gas is generated. This out-gassing increases pressure in the battery. Eventually, the excess pressure either ruptures the insulating seals at the end of the battery, or the outer metal canister, or both. In addition, as the battery ages, its steel outer canister may gradually corrode or rust, which can further contribute to containment failure.

Leaked Battery

Leaked Battery – Yuck

Surprisingly, most of the batteries in my box were clean.  Something to keep in mind as you go through the sorting process is that if there is even a single leaker in the box, the residue can spread on to other batteries so it helps to have a rag handy to wipe each battery off to see if it is okay.  If you even suspect that a battery has leaked, or if shows any rust or corrosion, don’t take a chance.  Throw the baddies back into the recycle box.

WHO SAYS THAT DEAD BATTERY IS REALLY DEAD?

I purchased an inexpensive battery tester from Amazon.  There was nothing special about it and it was easy to use.  Plus, it had the ability to test 9V batteries as well as button batteries and the traditional AA, AAA, C and D sized batteries.

Simple and Cheap Battery Tester

Simple Battery Tester

I then set to work, testing each and every battery in my box.  Much to my surprise, there were a number of batteries that tested “fully charged”. It is interesting to note that many were 9 Volt batteries that came out of one of my carbon monoxide detectors. This leads me to believe that the detector is bad and not the batteries.

Furthermore, I now believe that what commonly happens is that, for example, a remote control or flashlight is dead.  You dump the batteries into the recycle box and install new ones.  Easy peasy.  But in truth, perhaps only a single battery of the 2 or 3 are bad so in effect, you are dumping out 1 discharged battery and 2 or 3 perfectly usable batteries.  I even proved this myself.  Since I now keep one of these $8 testers in my desk drawer, when my wireless mouse died a couple of days ago, I found that only one of the two AAA batteries that I had removed was dead.  The other was showing almost a full charge.  Go figure.

The other thing, and something that makes me feel careless and stupid, there were some perfectly good rechargeable batteries in the box.  Now, how the heck did that happen?

Good Batteries

These were good!

Batteries test fine in the mini MAGLITE

And I thought these batteries were dead.

LET THE RECHARGING BEGIN

After reading reviews on various rechargers, I settled on the Maximal Power FC999 Universal Battery Charger.  It wasn’t the most expensive available but according to a couple of the reviewers, this unit was exactly the same as a higher priced model.  The difference was that this one is black and the other one was gray.

Related:  Beat The Heat: Inexpensive and Fun Ways To Survive With No AC + How To Recognize Heat Stroke

Maximal Power battery charger from Amazon

Maximal Power FC999 Universal Battery

Now here is the deal with this charger.  It has four separate charging chambers that operate independently of each other.  This means that you can mix and match battery sizes (AA, AAA, C, D) without a problem.  It also has a center 9V battery chamber but I have not been able to figure out whether that piggybacks upon one of the adjacent chambers or whether it operates separately.

Note:  this charger can also be used to charge Ni-cd and Ni-MH batteries but I only tested it on Alkaline batteries.  There is a slider switch that allows you to select the type of batteries you are charging – they can not and should not be mixed and matched by type (although, as I mentioned, various sizes of the same type work just fine.)

There is no question that I experienced a bit of trepidation when I inserted the batteries into the charger for the first time.  But there was no smoke and no explosion so I continued on.

A few seconds after you insert the batteries, the tester will recognize the status and the LED window will either say “CHA” (for charging) or “BAD” (for sorry, this is a bad battery and it cannot be charged).  In addition, the following lights will glow:

  • Red – Charging
  • Green – Fully Charged
  • Red Flashing – BAD

As I mentioned above, each of the four chambers operates independently so you could have a combination of these three options all going at once.

There is a chart in the manual that indicates that an AAA battery will take 2.5 hours to charge, an AA 5 hours, a C size 6 hours, and a D sized 10 hours.  In my experience, however, they charge to the fully-charged, green light stage a lot sooner than that.  Now here is the thing.  Once fully charged, the charger switches to a trickle charge to keep the battery “at its optimum capacity” whatever that means.

My experience is that if you leave the recharged batteries in the charger overnight – or say for about 10 or 12  hours – you will get a much stronger charge.  I say this because I first tested some batteries right after the green light came on.  On my tester, they would register at about the half way mark in the fully-charged area.  If I put them back in the charger, the green fully-charged light would come on right away but when I took them out the next morning, the tester showed them about 90% charged.

Recharged Alkaline Batteries

These batteries have been re-charged and are now usable

After doing this a few times, I realized that next on my bucket list was a tester that would give me the actual voltage of the re-charged battery.  My brother and nephew – both electronics wizards – have one and tell me that is the only way to truly test the remaining juice left in a used battery.

OTHER TESTING NOTES

The little manual that came with the charger stated that alkaline batteries can be charged to 75 – 90% of their original capacity.  It further said that the batteries should be fully drained before recharging but I found that as a practical matter, the fully drained batteries came up “BAD” and could not be recharged at all.

There is one more rather important note that I want to make.  I checked on my recharged batteries about two weeks after storing them in a box in my utility cupboard.  Much to my surprise, there were some new leakers.  Now whether these were overlooked initially (had I wiped away the residue not realizing they were compromised) or a byproduct of the charging process – I do not know.  Even more curious, they were all the Costco Kirkland brand batteries.

Alkaline Battery after recharging

I had good luck charging the Duracell batteries

The manual also indicates that alkaline batteries should not be recharged more than 30 times. 30 times – holy moly – that seems like a lot of charging to me.  For now, I will charge them once until I go through the pile and then start anew.  But 30 times?  I am going to play it safe and protect my devices by recharging no more than a dozen times if that.

SO REALLY, HOW DID THEY WORK?

Using the recharged batteries on low power devices such as mini LED flashlights and of course, my computer mouse, worked great.  As a matter of fact, I can not tell the difference between the recharged Alkalines and standard rechargeables.  On the other hand, the Survival Husband uses wireless headphones to watch TV and the recharged alkalines only last abut 8 hours as opposed to the typical 15 to 20 hours with standard Ni-mh rechargeables.

flameless candle

Flameless candles have burned steadily for 5 days

The recharged 9V battery worked especially well on my little Blocklite flashlight.  This little flashlight has been on 24/7 since March 9th and today for the first time I noticed the LEDs starting to fade when all six LEDs are on. When I turn the switch to 2 LED mod, it is as bright as ever.

blocklite flashlight

Blocklite Mini Flashlight in Day 7

Clearly, for now, at least, it appears that the recharged alkaline batteries are best suited for low-drain devices.

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STORING THE BATTERIES

I purchased these inexpensive storage cases for my recharged batteries. They are really quite handy and I like that the six individual cases interlock and connect together to make a larger case.  The rest of my spares are in the plastic pencil case you see pictured above.

Battery Case 002

I like these mini storage cases.

THE FINAL WORD

For a total investment of about $34, I now have what for all intents and purposes, a lifetime of free batteries.  The reason I say “lifetime” is that my friends have indicated a willingness to give me all of their dead batteries and you can bet that many will still be either good as is or eligible for recharging.

Would I trust these recycled batteries in a survival situation – sure, if that is all I had,  But of course, that is not the case.  I still have a large supply of brand new alkaline batteries in all sizes plus a good supply of standard rechargeables (you know how I love those Eneloop rechargeables).

But as spare batteries to use day to day, heck, these are great.  As my tests have proven, a recharged alkaline battery can keep a small LED flashlight going to over a week and a computer mouse for much longer than that.  As a matter of fact, you might say I have become obsessed with using these recharged alkaline batteries.  But that, of course, is a story for another time.

Additional Resource: If you also want to create the ultimate battery charging batteries with different power sources and methods, check out this resource on the best charging set-ups.

 

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Bargain Bin: Here are links to the products mentioned in today’s article.  I do hope you will consider the battery tester – it will definitely pay for itself by preventing you from recycling perfectly usable alkaline batteries.

Maximal Power FC999 Universal Battery Charger: This nicely built charger will charge AA, AAA, C, D, N, 9V, Ni-MH, Ni-CD, and Alkaline batteries. It has an LED display so that when you first put a battery in the charging bay, you know whether it is viable for charging or simply bad and ready to go back to the recycle box. Note: When I purchased the charger, it was on back order. Oddly, it actually shipped the next day. Go figure.  Anyway, I am really sold on this charger and can recommend it without reservation.

Blocklite 001

Blocklite Mini Compact Size Ultra Bright 9V LED Flashlight: One of my readers (James) turned me on to these nifty little LED flashlights.  They were great with re-charged 9V batteries. There is a similar flashlight called the Pak-Lite (which is more expensive) but it does not have a high-low switch like this one.

SE BT20 9-Volt Battery Tester  You definitely should consider a battery tester even if you decide not to re-charge your alkalines.  The advantage of having a tester is that when a gizmo dies, you can determine whether just a single battery is discharged and not the complete set.

SODIAL(TM) Battery Tester Volt Checker for 9V 1.5V and AA AAA Cell Batteries:  This tester has a numeric display – something worth considering although may take two to three weeks to arrive.  As I write this, it is only $4.00 with free shipping.

AA / AAA 4 Cell Battery Storage Case (Bundle of Six Cases):  I like these little cases.  I put a sticker on the outside of the case indicating that these are re-charged batteries.

And for traditional rechargeable batteries:

Solar 11-in-1 Battery Charger: This is a universal charger that does what it is supposed to do. It uses sunlight to generate a current that charges pairs of batteries in sizes AAA, AA, C, or D and works great with my favorite Eneloop batteries.

Sanyo Eneloop 1500 Super Power Pack: This kit has it all, including 12 AA, 4 AAA, 2 C and D Spacers, a 4 position charger and storage case. This is the kit that I own.

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