Storing gas is something a lot of preppers have probably thought about at some point. There are some challenges to storing gas. Finding the right can and planning out your storage system takes some thought. During a gas shortage or any other type of emergency, you will likely need to make some effort to reduce your consumption and get the most out of the gas you have on hand.
Safety of storing gas
Never store gas in your home and near where you sleep. Gas is extremely explosive in the event of a house fire or sparks! A can of gas exploding can turn what would have been a minor fire into an inferno that destroys your home and possibly kills people.
Gas should be stored in an unattached outbuilding or similar. I know that those of you in apartments may want to risk it but realize the possibility of what can happen. If you rent a house and don’t have a storage building then consider getting one of the smaller plastic based ones like Rubbermaid makes and storing your gas in there. If you move, you can break it down and take it with you.
Even 5 gallons of gas takes up a bit of space and it weighs around 40 lbs with the can included.
Plastic cans may reduce weight slightly, and they cost less, but they are not as sturdy as metal when it comes to punctures or impacts.
How long do you want to store it?
Fuel stabilizers can keep gas sealed well in a can for six months to a year. Be sure to read the instructions and guidelines on the bottle that you are using. One thing to consider is that if your can is truly sealed and you add stabilizer, gas should keep for a decade. The problem is that seals failing over time, rust, etc. can lead to major problems with how long it keeps.
Water in gas issues
Condensation and water in gas are common enough that you can get the product to remove water from it at most grocery stores that have even a few automotive items. HEET is a great product and can save you from having to drain a tank or waste fuel that has been contaminated with water. Keep in mind I am talking about small amounts of water. If you find gas that is half water then dispose of it. A little water or condensation in your tank can be solved by a container or two of HEET which is just a special alcohol that is safe to put in your tank.
Consider True Fuel
While this stuff sells for $6 per quart and has oil mixed in for use with two-cycle engines, it has an amazing 2-year shelf life after opening. If you keep it sealed this will keep indefinitely. You can get it in bigger containers at Lowes, A 110 fl oz jug is $20 which is a lot for gas but a few of these put back would sure keep your chainsaw running a while, and you would have no worries about finding oil to mix. That could sure help keep your family in firewood for longer during a SHTF scenario or extended emergency.
Another thing to remember about True Fuel is that during emergencies people don’t think about getting gas at the hardware or home improvement store. Consider this scenario.
You are driving home and notice that there are long lines at the gas stations. Pumps are running dry, and people may be getting irritated. It just so happens you planned on filling up, but now it looks like you will run out of gas waiting in line and possibly still not get any. Irritated and tired people could be a threat as well. Making a start for the nearest Lowes, Tractor Supply, Home Depot, or hardware store means you can walk in and buy a gallon or even a few quarts of True Fuel and put it in your tank and make it home.
I know it would be expensive but during civil unrest or if gas supplies are disrupted by a natural disaster, I would gladly pay around $20 for a gallon of gas to get home and to safety!
Volume and shape
Gas cans come in a range of sizes. I prefer having a few smaller and a few that are larger for transport. While we only live 3 or 4 miles from a gas station, we don’t want to run out for just small things so keeping a bigger can filled up helps out. Our gas needs have fluctuated over the years. Last year we bought a Kawasaki Mule, and since then we use less gas because we are not using a four-cylinder truck to haul a few small things around in 4 wheel drive. The mule has a 7-gallon gas tank, and it will do a lot of work for that, and we can get in places that the truck cannot reach or maneuver in. The Mule is less expensive to maintain.
Our other machines are small, but it adds up. Weedeaters, mowers, walk behind tractors, all take gas, and you can go through some weedeater gas during peak mowing season. Since we don’t spray Round Up, we have a lot of mowing and weedeating to do.
Cans have different shapes. It seems like the metal cans vary the most because you can get jerry can style ones or round cans. It is something to consider if you are trying to maximize the usefulness of your storage space.
These are great but more expensive than plastic. They can get hot to the touch when left in the sun too. Smaller cans are quite expensive with 5-gallon cans being the most economical. These can be bought at farm supply stores like Tractor Supply or home improvement stores. Be prepared to pay a premium for a metal can but rest assured that if properly cared for they will last practically forever. The spouts on the top can be replaced if something happens, so you don’t have to buy an entire can.
These are very expensive, but that is how it is when you want something that will not rust and made of high-quality metal. I had no idea these were available to order until now. They are about $90 at the time of this writing. I could see having one of these if you lived near salt water or something but most people are just going to want to buy two of the painted metal cans for the same price a single stainless steel.
Pouring 5 gallons of gas from a metal can that is a “safety” government approved can take forever and requires some strength and endurance.
We have a metal gas can we bought at Tractor Supply, and while it is an ok can, it takes forever to pour into our Kawasaki Mule. This means you are stuck holding gallons of glass for 15 minutes. While I know that many people are not going to be pouring that much at once, it is something that needs to be considered. If you are trying to pour even more into a truck, then be prepared to stand there awhile.
Periodically inspect gas cans
I know we are guilty of keeping cans past the time they should be tossed. Check for cracks and make sure to replace spouts that leak or won’t seal enough for safe transport. I hate having to use a grocery bag to stick in a spout. You always get gas on your hands when using a bag and it still evaporates some and will likely leak if it falls over. Replacing spouts might be worth it, but beyond that, you are going just to want to throw out an old can and get a new one.
These are the most common kind of gas can, and they get the job done. We use plastic cans a lot for mixing a few gallons of weedeater gas at a time. Since getting our metal cans, we usually don’t use plastic for transporting gas from the station to our farm.
There is nothing wrong with plastic cans. Metal offers more strength and puncture resistance and doesn’t break down as badly when exposed to a lot of sun. I live in the South, and we use our cans out in the field a lot so over a few years you can see that plastic starting to turn.
I like the one-gallon size if I find myself carrying gas around the place with no transportation. In the dead of winter, we do not go through near as much mixed gas so we do not want to mix more than a gallon at a time or it will just sit for a month at a time.
After using whatever gas cans are sold at Lowes or the gas station, I am intrigued by the one shown below. I have to admit that the cans I have used have a tendency to lose their caps or get a bit leaky. One cannot help but notice a large number of bad reviews for these cans. The one shown below is the exception. Although it is a bit over $20, it gets the best feedback I could find for a small can. I love that you can easily see the volume level so you always know exactly what you have on hand.
The Gas Caddy
I didn’t know about these until I started researching this article. I like the idea of gas on wheels because it eliminates the issue of having to lift and struggle as much with stored gas. You have to use a battery to power the pump or some electricity unless you want to hand pump or siphon but this setup stores more gas for less than the equivalent in cans would cost.
The reality of gas storage amounts
It is important to realize just how much gas you would need to get through a specific period. I am going to use our truck’s gas consumption as an example as well as our needs. There are very few trips to town compared to the average home because we work at home and plan trips out for efficiency and we don’t have any extra social activities or obligations in town either.
Our 2009 Toyota Tacoma has four-wheel drive and gets about 20 miles to the gallon on the highway. The tank is about 20 gallons, so we have a range in the 350-400 mile range on a single fill up. We fill up 1-2 times per month depending on what we are up to and any visits to family. One fill up a month is more realistic most of the time because we use the Kawasaki Mule for a lot of run around on our property or to care for my father down the road. The Mule adds another 10 gallons to the gas budget.
I believe with a little planning we could probably make it on 20 gallons per month between the machines we had, but that means if we wanted to have even six months worth of gas on hand for our personal and farm needs, we would need 120 gallons of gas stored! Now imagine what that figure would be for those that don’t live 4 miles from town, have to commute daily, have less fuel-efficient vehicles, etc.
My point is that unless you have a big buried gas tank and pump on your property it is highly unlikely that you are going to be able to store enough fuel to get by for more than a few months and even that is going to be a challenge.
Some fuel is a good idea and will help you get through a slight shortage, but you have to be realistic.
Where are you on the gas supply chain?
There is nothing like a real gas shortage to show you just where you land on the supply chain. The mountains of western North Carolina are at the very end of the supply chain. We get gas last. This means if a hurricane comes through and destroys a refinery or damages a pipeline and supply drops we get left out. This has happened several times in the last few years. The worst was about two years ago. A lot of people tried to blame the shortage on people topping off tanks and hoarding.
These same people blamed the local news station for causing a crisis. All they did was the report on the refinery explosion and when gas stations started running low.
It was ridiculous how people were in such denial that our fuel supplies are so thin and vulnerable. While you saw people filling up there vehicles and maybe a 5 gallon can for back up; it was clear that there really was a shortage. Stations simply were not getting deliveries because we are the last on deliveries. It showed just how reliant an area is on those regular deliveries.
Reducing Your Consumption
During a shortage or complete lack of gasoline, you will need to take steps to reduce your consumption so you can get the most use out of what you have on hand. I don’t recommend trusting news sources when it comes to predicting the end of a major shortage. Sometimes news sources try to keep down panic, or they are fed information that is intended to be reassuring rather than give the reality of the situation to the public.
Here are some ways to reduce your gas consumption. Some of these you may want to implement in good times to save time and money while others are just to be utilized under extreme circumstances.
Plan and combine trips for supplies and work. Consider carpooling with neighbors or friends, so everyone burns less gas.
It is amazing to me how many people make 2 or more trips to town when one will do. Planning out your route can also save time and gas. Make a list and do your shopping on the way home from work if you can still do your job during a gas crisis. Trips to the grocery store can take a lot of gas if you live outside of town. A trip to the grocery store once a week is adequate for most households if planned right.
Have enough food. beverage, and medications on hand so that you could stay at home for a few weeks if necessary.
Having preps put back is a good way to ride out a gas shortage. While I know a lot of people are still going to need to go into work to make a living, there may be some people that find that the gas or diesel is not there for them to do their jobs. During a gas shortage, the chances of civil unrest rise dramatically so you may want to avoid being out in some areas.
Prioritize your driving needs.
Some folks get a little crazy when they have to stay at home or in one place for very long. Then there are those that have a lot of extracurricular activities to shuttle their kids to. I suggest considering prioritizing your gas needs.
Grocery and other supplies
Medical visits or elder care
Everything else comes in after these. Really in a major gas situation, you should consider eliminating any social or sports obligations or at least carpool with others.
Walk or use a bicycle or when you can. Consider a scooter if you live somewhere it is safe to use them. Public transportation is another option if it is still in operation.
If you live close enough to stores or your work to use other methods of transportation that use little or no gas then consider it. A used scooter can be purchased for little, and you could keep it on hand for saving gas when you want a quick trip to the store. Scooters are not allowed on fast highways like interstates, but for getting around town or riding back roads, they would be better than nothing.
Reduce the urge to get out by having some entertainment options or hobbies you can do at home. Those with kids I’m sure to know all too well how bored kids can get.
A tote putback with fun activities in it is an excellent prep for a variety of situations. Remember to have some backup chargers or batteries for electronic devices. Ereaders are always going to have a longer lasting battery than a tablet, so they are something to consider. A used Kindle costs very little, and you can read for over 20 hours on a single charge.
Have you got any tips for storing gas or getting through a shortage? Any stories to tell about when you had to deal with little or no gas? Please share with us in the comments below.
Samantha Biggers can be reached at [email protected]